[Eldib & Co] Increase of IP Official Fees in Morocco

Dear Sirs,

Please note that the Moroccan Office of Industrial and Commercial Property (OMPIC) has announced that starting from 1st October 2017, the Official Fees for IP matters (trademarks, patents, designs) in Morocco will be increased.

Please note that invoices issued for matters for which instructions were received before 1st October 2017, will not include the increase in the official fees which we shall bear on your behalf.

Our updated schedule of charges for Morocco will reflect said increase in official fees while our professional fees will remain unchanged.

Should you wish to obtain our updated schedule of charges or if you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact: mail@eldib.com or morocco@eldib.com

Best regards,

Eldib & Co

Trademarks: Filing Requirements in Libya

Taking into consideration the recent instability of the Libyan Arab Republic, the Libyan Trademark Office has wide discretionary power in determining whether to approve or reject a trademark application. Although the below mentioned are the commonly requested documents, further documentation may be requested, which may vary from case to case. Kindly find hereunder the documents needed for Filing and Renewal:
  • Filing requirements:Power of attorney (legalized up to the Libyan Consulate) 2. Certificate of incorporation or Extract from the Commercial register (legalized up to the Libyan Consulate). If the applicant is an individual, a legalized copy of the business license or professional association is required 3. A certified copy of the Priority document legalized by the Libyan Consulate if claimed
  • Renewal requirements:Power of attorney (legalized up to the Libyan Consulate)
  • Notes:  Late filings are not permitted
Based on the above, we kindly urge our clients to remain patient until the prevailing political situation is resolved. We shall keep you closely advised as to the latest developments in Libya. Kind Regards, Eldib & Co

The New Investment Guarantees and Incentives Law

In an attempt to attract new foreign direct investment (FDI) to Egypt, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi had promised to reform the 1997 Investment Law No. 8 at the Egypt Economic Development Conference held in 2015. To that effect, on the 31st of May 2017, under the sponsorship of Sahar Nasr, Minister of Investment and International Cooperation, Law No. 72 of 2017 was issued. This newly updated and significant piece of legislation brings about refreshing reforms to a business climate highly in need of one, along with marking the Egyptian government’s welcoming position regarding foreign ventures to the country. The law sets upon ambitious goals, demonstrated by the institution of a set of enticing guarantees and incentives, a codifying of social responsibility, the establishment of a new arbitration center specific for settling disputes, and new investment systems – overall with an aim of making foreign investment in Egypt a more friendly, and rewarding experience. Further information regarding the law, however, should be outlined in the Executive Regulation document, which will be published within 90 days following the law’s issuance.

Investment Guarantees

A number of guarantees to both potential foreign and domestic investors have been newly revealed within Law No. 72. These guarantees seek to establish and provide a sense of financial comfort and security to the investors, in order to further encourage economic development and growth throughout Egypt. Of these guarantees, the most prominent to note in regards to FDI is as follows:
  • The right of a “fair and equitable treatment” to all investors, domestic or foreign. However, the law does make a note that, contingent on a decision by the Cabinet, a preferential treatment to foreign investors may be exercised[1]. The legislation further expands on its nature of equality, stating the guarantee that no sort of discrimination regarding gender or project size would take place[2].
  • Foreign investors are guaranteed the right to a residence permit for the duration of their investment project[3].
  • All investment projects are guaranteed immunity from nationalization[4].
  • Funds from investment projects are guaranteed not to be seized, except if required for the public good, and not without full compensation preceding the actual date of expropriation[5]
  • Investors have the full right to “create, manage, and expand,” their project whilst abroad, and with foreign currency[6]. In managing their project from abroad, the right is further guaranteed to:
    • Transfer and liquidate project profits without restriction
    • All cash transfers related to foreign investment are guaranteed the right to free movement and full conversion to a recognized currency, without any delay[7]
  • Foreign investors have the ability to import and export any and all raw materials, products, production requirements, machinery, transportation means, and other essentials related to the project without having to register for a license from either the Register of Imports/Exports[8]
  • Foreign Investment projects are allowed to employ up to 20% of the workforce from abroad – a statistic that was increased from the previous 10%[9]
  • Foreign workers employed to a FDI project are also guaranteed the right to transfer their “financial entitlements” freely abroad[10]

  Investment Incentives

Besides the guarantees stated above, the new legislation also works to attract investments via a structural layout of financial incentives[11]. Under this power, all investments will enjoy an exemption from stamp tax and documentation/notarization fees regarding corporate credit facilities and mortgage contracts, for the first five years of their date of registration – as per recorded in the Commercial Registry. Companies and enterprises’ land registration contracts will also be enjoying an exemption from the above-mentioned taxes/fees[12]. In addition to the tax/fee exemptions stated above, all imported machinery, equipment, and tools needed for the project will only be subject to a Customs tariff (in accordance with the Customs Exemptions Law) of 2% of the value of the imported goods[13]. In regards to more industrial and construction based ventures, the law provides the ability to import all and any molds or templates needed for the production of the project — free of any customs fees or duties, under the basis that they are imported for temporary usage and will be re-exported abroad[14].

Special Incentives

The law offers a set of special incentives to companies or enterprises that are newly formed within the noted period of three years following the release of the governing Executive Regulations, with the intention of establishing an investment project[15]. Article 11 of the Law provides tax deductions of 50% to these investment projects pertaining to section A (geographic locations most urgently in need of development) and 30% deductions to the costs of projects pertaining to sector B. Sector B generally includes a large list of project types, including but not limited to: tourism, electricity, food, chemical industries and textile industries[16].

Additional Incentives

According to Article 13, the Council of Minister, through issuing a decree, can grant additional incentives to Article 11 Projects. Such incentives include special customs offices, refunding 50% of value of the allocated land and state support through incurring training fees and other expenses[17].
Social Responsibility

As a novel addition, the Investment Law dictates that 10% of the project’s net income can be directed towards social responsibility in certain fields, to be deductible from its annual corporate taxation[18]. The relevant fields include environmental protection, health, cultural and social development areas, as well as vocational education, research or scientific funding and awareness campaigns.

Settling Disputes

The Law called for the establishment of a new arbitration and dispute-settling center by the name of the Egyptian Center for Arbitration and Mediation to be based in Cairo[19]. The primary mandate of the Center is to settle any disputes that may arise between investors or investors and public or private authorities involved. According to Article 91 of the Law, the board of directors managing the Center will consist of “five experienced and specialized directors with good competence and reputation.”

GAFI – General Authority for Investment & the streamlining of investment procedures

With the goal of facilitating and simplifying the investment procedure to potential investors, GAFI has created a new administrative unit, as per the new Law named the Investor Service Center. The Center shall firstly, approve all elements relating to the investment including meeting minutes, increase of capital, liquidation and activity alteration. Secondly, the Center will also receive investors’ applications for permits and licenses. As such, the Center serves as a facilitator for most Investor needs[20].

In addition to the Investor Service Center, the Law has established Accreditation Offices[21], also under the jurisdiction of GAFI that examines documents required for approvals, permits and licenses for investment projects. Following inspection, they issue a certificate, confirming the investor’s compliance with all given requirements of the Law.
By virtue of the new Law, GAFI and other related and involved authorities are obligated to activate new electronic systems (E-Incorporation System) within 90 days of the issuance of the Law, i.e. before the 31st of August 2017[22]. Authorities are required to respond to the application of the incorporation of an investment vehicle within one business day from the date of application. In accordance with Article 51, any Company shall have a unified and certified national number for all of the Investor’s’ transactions.
Investment Systems

Not much has changed in the law regarding investment zones, which was already established in by Law No. 19 of the year 2007. However, public free zones were established once more following their removal in the 2015 amendments. The public free zones are created to encompass any licensed project products primarily intended to be exported overseas[23]. According to Article 41, projects operating in the public free zone shall be subject to:
  • A 2% fee of CIF (cost in freight) costs for goods imported by storage projects and a 1% fee of FOB (free on board) at goods exported by manufacturing and assembly projects.
  • A 1% fee of the total revenues gained by projects not engaging in the export and import of products.
  On the other hand, in regards to projects operating in private free zones, they will be subject to[24]:
  • A 1% fee of the total revenues gained from exporting its products in manufacturing and assembly projects, as well as a 2% fee of the total revenue at the entry of goods into the country.
  • A 2% fee of the total revenues in projects working in fields other than manufacturing and assembly.

[1] Article 3 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [2] Article 3 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [3] Article 3 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [4] Article 4 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [5] Article 4 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [6] Article 6 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [7] Article 6 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [8]  Article 7 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [9]  Article 8 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [10] Article 8 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [11] Chapter 2 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [12] Article 10 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [13] Article 10 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [14] Article 10 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [15] Article 12 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [16] Article 11 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [17] Article 13 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [18] Article 12 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [19] Article 91 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [20] Article 21 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [21] Article 22 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [22] Article 51 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [23] Article 33 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017. [24] Article 41 of Law No. 72 of the year 2017.  

Promulgation of Egypt’s New Investment Law

An amendment to the 1997 Investment Law No. 8, the aim of which is to attract new investments into Egypt as well as to ensure fair agreements between foreign and local investors, has been enacted as of May 31st, 2017. It includes a number of incentives directed at creating an attractive and promising business climate for investors across various fields and industries. According to Article 9 of the new Investment Law, the executive regulations are meant to be issued with 90 days of law’s issuance. Please note that the new Investment Law will be known as “Law No. 72 for the year 2017”

Further Developments for Egypt’s Economic Reform

After several years marked by economic turbulence and uncertainty, two major political actions earlier this year launched Egypt towards a more optimistic and stable path. The first action is an amendment to the 1997 Investment Law No. 8, the aim of which is to attract new investments into Egypt as well as to ensure fair agreements between foreign and local investors. The law, which still requires the approval of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, seeks to boost direct foreign investment. It includes a number of incentives directed at creating an attractive and promising business climate for investors across various fields and industries. These incentives will create more job opportunities, increase production and exporting activities, and allow the country to produce certain goods that have been traditionally imported in the past. Furthermore, the new legislation provides tax exemptions of up to 50 percent for investments in the country’s most vulnerable and underdeveloped regions, in sectors such as electricity and renewable energy. Based on the new law, authorities will have a 60-day deadline to provide investors with all requested authorization. It offers a 2% unified custom tax on imported equipment and machinery. Investors will also be exempt from stamp taxes and fees for documenting the company, according to Article 25 of the law. In addition, Article 20 states that the total amount of foreign employees may amount to 20% of the total work force in their projects, instead of 10% as stated in the previous law. The second action consists of a proposal, as suggested by the head of the Arab Union for Direct Investment Sameh Sedki, that grants Egyptian citizenship to foreign investors who deposit either $3.5 million during a span of five years, or $5 million during a span of three years with no interest. The deposit would eventually be refunded to the foreign investor in Egyptian pounds. Middle Eastern and African investors may be interested in obtaining the Egyptian citizenship as they share a similar language, culture, and due to geographical proximity. European countries have launched similar initiatives to face their economic crises. In the United States, residency permits are offered in exchange for a $500,000 investment in a project that provides jobs for at least 10 people, or $1 million in the applicant’s own business. The ranges of efforts in the new economic zones will improve investment output and eventually lead to an expansion in direct foreign investments. These efforts will lead the country through a very tough economic reform in a stable manner. Although there are still challenges to be tackled, the country’s outlook is brighter than it has been since the 2011 revolution. Egypt is currently well positioned to compete with global investment markets.

Libya – Promising Future Ahead

This year, we are excited to sponsor the Libya Investment Summit 2017 which is scheduled to take place at Pera Palace in Istanbul, Turkey on May 9 to 11. This summit addresses several opportunities for investment in construction, engineering, hydrocarbon and banking sectors; specifically on how the concerned sectors and regulators can work together to enable innovation.

Save Representing Eldib & Co at the conference are Mr. Amr Eldib, our Managing Partner, as well as Mr. Khaled Aljazwi, Head of our Libya office. The program will include Panel Discussions, Presentations and Breakout Sessions. The event will also develop business in Libya and considering their options with the appropriate companies to provide a mutual understanding within the current situation and crisis worldwide. Mr. Eldib commented on today’s event, by describing it as “a vital step to reviving and rejuvenating the Libyan economic and legal infrastructure, which we predict is going to be a regional economic power as soon as stability returns to Libya, given Libya’s vast resources and strategic positioning in the African continent and the Mediterranean Sea.” Kindly contact libya@eldib.com or mail@eldib.com should you have any enquiries or comments related to Libya and its legal framework. Save Save Save Save Save

Egypt: Jurisdiction Update

The State Council has dispatched the new investment draft law back to the cabinet for reconsideration of its conclusions relating to some of the provisions on the bill. Article 51 of law No. 17 of 2015, states clearly that the General Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI) is the only responsible party to offer available land for investment which includes representatives of the landowners in the process. The State Council added that articles 53 to 67 did not determine the entitled authority to terminate the final contract for real estate investment. The government approved the movement of tax laws, including the recent application of the Value Added Tax (VAT) Law and the Law to End Tax Disputes. In addition to drafting amendments to the Income Tax Law, in order to defer applying the tax on capital gains for three years, after the Supreme Council for Investment approved the deferment decision and added tax incentives to the Investment Law, which were approved by the cabinet. The Presidential Decree No. 89 of 2017 was issued by President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi to establish the National Council for Payments under his chairmanship. The council will work to decrease the use of banknotes outside the banking sector, support and encourage the use of electronic payments, and develop national payment systems and their supervision frameworks to lessen the risks associated with them.

Increase of Patent Examination Fees in Egypt

Please be advised that the President of the Academy of the Scientific Research and Technology has issued a new Executive Decree, No. 1 of 2017, which has increased the examination fees for patents in Egypt (Attached herein with English translation). In accordance to the attached Executive Order No. 1 of 2017 and associated announcement, the cost for patent examination shall be the equivalent of USD 1,000.00 in accordance to the exchange rate at the time of the executive order`s issuance. Please be advised that the equivalent of USD 1,000.00 on 13 February, 2017 (the issuance date) is EGP 17,530.00 and this rate shall be subject to review on an annual basis. Eldib & Co will make sure to provide you with the equivalent EGP 17,530.00 in USD at the time of the examination fees` payment. Please bear in mind that the exchange rate has been fluctuating recently; for example, the equivalent of EGP 17,530.00 in USD on 13 February, 2017 was USD 1,000.00 and has rose to USD 1,094.00 as of today, 22 February, 2017. We shall keep you updated with the latest developments and kindly send your queries in this regard patents@eldib.com.

Eldib & Co announces new partners

Eldib & Co, Egypt’s most experienced full service law firm, has announced the promotion of four new partners.   Mostafa Eissa  joined the firm in 1988, and he has assisted in both the patent and trademark departments before specialising in patent registration. In cooperation with our IP division, Mostafa assisted in the development of several applications that modernise and simplify the annuities payments and processing for patents. Mostafa mainly handles prosecutions, oppositions, filings at the Patent Office, and appearing before the Patent Office to secure the client’s best interest. Mostafa now heads Eldib & Co’s Patent Department.   Dina Eldib joined the firm as a qualified trademark agent in 2011. She brings to the firm her strong background in economics, advertising, brand management and new media solutions as well as her global knowledge of branding and corporate identities. She is responsible for the registering of trademarks and industrial designs. Dina handles many trademarks for multinational companies and assists with the registration of marks and the negotiations of deals pertaining to IP rights both locally and internationally.   Marwan Eissa joined Eldib & Co in 2009, specialising in the field of Intellectual Property where he has extensive experience handling high profile multinationals. In the field of IP law, he is able to provide legal support, conduct clearance trademarks’ searches and investigations, register national and international trademarks, deal with refusals and oppositions of registrations, and file appeals/oppositions and counter-statements. He acts as an advocate and trademark attorney for major clients, small businesses, corporations, and multinationals.   Mohamed Wahba joined Eldib in 2000 and became the head of Criminal litigation department in 2004. Mohamed was admitted before the Egyptian Court of Cassation in 2010. Since joining Eldib, Mohamed has dealt with a wide range of business crime matters. He has particular expertise in criminal cartels, extradition, corruption, mutual legal assistance. Mohamed handled high-profile cases for different individual and multinational clients within his areas of practice which includes: Criminal appeals, criminal defence, drug crimes, felonies, forgeries, misdemeanours, money laundering, and weapon charges.   Please join us in congratulating our new partners for their immense efforts.

Egypt’s Economic Development Conference

To promote more foreign investment in Egypt after a successful economic conference, Egypt has issued new laws that will allow easier foreign investment in the future. Please find hereunder news regarding the major developments that are currently ongoing in Egypt. NEW CAPITAL During the Economic Conference it was announced that a new administrative and commercial capital of Egypt, which will be located between the provinces of Cairo and the Red Sea, will be built and is estimated to be complete by 2022. It will have an area of 700 square kilometers, and should withstand a population of 5 million individuals as well provide 1.7 million jobs. NEW LAWS With the aim to guarantee more foreign investment leading up to the Egypt Economic Development Conference that took place this year, the country has implemented new beneficial initiatives; which include but are not limited to a feed-in tariff system for renewable energy, which gives power producers the opportunity to sell the renewable electricity they generate back to the national grid. Moreover, this month the cabinet approved the new investment law, which is essential to protect foreign investors from legal disputes, among other incentives. The Egyptian government also took this opportunity to implement new fiscal policies that will benefit foreign investment especially in the energy sector, including subsidy reforms for fuel and electricity. In order to develop upcoming energy projects, the Egyptian government has laid out new laws and regulations to accommodate private investment, in particular to benefit the foreign firms in Egypt. Egypt’s efforts during the Economic Development Conference succeed in regards to attracting multinationals, while the bulk of the investments were directed towards energy and electricity projects